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Tag: foot

How does diabetes affect the foot?

The clinical problem of diabetes features a number of complications because of the increased blood glucose levels damaging a variety of tissues in the body. Some of those problems impact the foot. This ranges from minor bacterial infections to complications serious enough that an amputation may be needed. The nerves may be damaged meaning when there is an injury to the foot, it may not be felt by the person which is going to end in a lot more damage occurring. The blood circulation may be affected which means that any time damage does happen, the blood flow problems mean that healing is impaired. The influences of diabetes on the joints means that you will see regions of greater force that also can lead to an increased risk for injury. It’s for all those points that those with all forms of diabetes are encouraged to manage their feet as well as seek the advice of a foot doctor frequently.

Those with diabetes are usually urged to make use of different approaches to prevent problems from occuring. An example of one of many ways is to use a product like the specially designed diabetic socks that contain a number of design features to help reduce the chance for the damage occurring. These diabetic socks should be loose fitted so they won’t prohibit the blood flow. These socks ideally are cushioned on the bottom so that shock reduction might be improved in order to shield the bottom of the foot from injury. They should either have no stitches or if possible negligible seams. Seams could become the source of pressure areas on the toes and this may bring about problems. The material that the hosiery are made from should really be of a moisture absorbing variety, so that any sweat is soaked up and not allowed to stay on the foot to create an unhealthy environment. Additionally, it would be helpful if the diabetic socks also contain some anti-bacterial properties to reduce the chance of an infection.

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How to get rid of corns on the foot?

Corns can be a common disorder of the foot that may be painful and hard to treat. Corns are caused by too much pressure on an area of the skin. They are part of a natural mechanism that has gone awry. When there is too much pressure on the skin, that area of skin will thicken up to protect itself. When the pressure continues over a longer period of time, it might be so thick that it is painful. This is the same as the process which happens when, for instance, cutting up wood with an axe. Doing this a lot, you eventually produce a callus on your hand. Exactly the same thing takes place on the foot with pressure from the ground or pressure on a toe from footwear. When you stop cutting the wood, the thicker skin on the hands goes away. The challenge in the foot is that you keep using shoes and you continue walking, so the pressure continues and the thicker skin forms into a corn and becomes painful.

Getting rid of corns is comparatively easy and a skillful podiatrist will be able to take them off. That’s the easy part. The difficult part is preventing them returning. It is one thing to remove them, but unless you get rid of that cause (the higher pressures on the area), then they will just return eventually.  Corns dont have roots that they can grow back from. They come back because the cause is still there. Taking away a corn is similar to managing the symptom. They are going to come back unless the reason is removed. This is where the skill of a podiatrist is needed to find out the proper cause. A complete assessment is necessary of the biomechanics, footwear, foot structure and lifestyle to sort out just what it is that is bringing about the higher pressure. Once that cause has been identified, then different interventions can be used to reduce that pressure. This could range from simple footwear advice to foot supports to surgical procedures.

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